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Great Saphenous Vein The great saphenous vein (GSV, alternatively "long (great saphenous vein") is a large, subcutaneous vei...

Great Saphenous Vein Function, Diagram And Body Maps

Great Saphenous Vein
Great Saphenous Vein Function, Diagram And Body Maps

The great saphenous vein (GSV, alternatively "long (great saphenous vein") is a large, subcutaneous vein under the foot. It is the longest vein in the body, which runs along the length of the lower limb, blood reaches the feet in the femoral triangle, deep veins with legs and thighs.


The great saphenous vein is formed from which the toe of the toe (hollux) is mixed. After passing through the medieval matrix (where it can often be imagined and synergy), it moves towards the medial level of the foot.


 On the knee side, it runs on the back of the medial Epicondrial of Phimerbone. To connect with 3-4 centimeter of pubic canal in the proximal anterior thigh, inferior to the great spin vein, the seaferfer for deep heat, is enough to dive deeper through fibromyalgia of the cribform uniform.
Great Saphenous Vein Function, Diagram And Body Maps

This creates an arc, Safenas arc which is included in the common vein vein in the field of femoral triangle on the Saffio-Fimoral junction.

Joined With

There are many veins in the great saphenous vein, but each of them does not exist in every person. With normal junior at normal average distance from normal junior vein (CVV), most of them get involved in the junction

From Where It Passes?

In the ankle, great sapphin has branches from the sole of the foot through the medial marginal vein; In the lower leg, it performs anestomosis independently with a small saphenous vein.

 The peritator communicates with the vein (cocktail perflectors) behind the tibial veins and receives several cutaneous nerves: This Boyd perforator transmits the polyclinic vein from the perfactor to the knee, in the thigh it makes contact with vein of the vein by the perfect vein (dodo perfect).

Great Saphenous Vein Function, Diagram And Body Maps

 It receives many subdivisions; From the medial and posterior part of the thigh, it is often united to form a large secondary serin vein, which is found in the main vein near the Safino-Orwick junction.

Near the fossa ovalis,  this surface is connected by the iliac vein and surface outer pundalwini of the circumferential surface of the epigastric surface.

The surface superficate under the thoracopoeic vein moves along the thoracic vein and lateral thoracic nerve with the lateral aspect of the trunk and establishes an important communication between the vein vein and the axial vein.

Clinical Significance

Pathophysiology is relatively common in pathology, but isolation is not usually a threat to life: 

Varicose veins: Great surface vein, like other surface veins, can create varicose; Swelling, twisted and long, and generally considered unsightly. Varicose veins are not a threat to life and various treatment options are available.

Thrombophiliitis: GSV can thrombose. This type of GSV felibitosis isolation is not usually a threat to life; However, if the blood clot is located near the sapheno-femoral junction or near a vein, then a piece of clot can be transferred to the deep venous system and pulmonary circulation.

 In addition, it may be connected, or progress for a deep vein thrombosis should be treated immediately. Then GSV thrombosis is investigated by ultrasonography to detect whether these complications exist or not.

Functions Performed By Small Saphenous Vein

• Use in cardiac procedures

Oral surgery is often removed, cardiac surgery and coronary artery bypass surgery are used for autotransplantation, when arterial grafts are not available or require several grafts, such as triple bypass or quadrilateral bypass.

The great sulfur vein is the drain of choice for vascular surgeon, when available, to conduct peripheral artery bypass [see vascular bypass. 

Great Saphenous Vein may fail to pass through the graft, but even after destroying small tents and venusius, better long term depression than synthetic graft (PTFE, PETE (Dacron), human umbilical vein or biocontinent graft [Omniflow]). Valve with a device named Velvulotome. Valvulotome of Lamatre

Removing the siphonous vein will not affect the circulation in the foot. The first blood that flows during the journey is known as collateral circulation.

The Saffino nerve is a branch of the femoral nerve that runs with a great sapphire vein and can be damaged in surgery on the vein.

• Use in emergency medicine

When an emergency resuscitation is required with fluid, and due to venous degradation, standard infravenous access can not be obtained, then erosion of the saphnas may not be necessary.
Great Saphenous Vein Function, Diagram And Body Maps


• The maximum venous vein is a superficial vein of the lower limb.

• This mid-range pulls the surface of the thigh and feet.

• It goes to the common vein vein on the Saffenophomoral junction.

• It receives blood from the nerves of the ankle and knee area, in which there is a small porous vein, medial blood margin of the medulla, as well as blood from the designated holes.

• It is cut for use in CABG processes.

• Popellal veins connect with heavy seafin vein through the boy's perfactor.

• Dodd penetrates normal vein connecting the vein to the vein vein.

Fermoral triangle

The largest serpin vein is the highest level of medial in the femoral triangle. To do this, the lateral is a place which allows the expansion of the vein during the increase in venous clearance. 

The femoral artery located in the lateral side of the great sulphide vein. The most lateral structure is the femoral nerve (the back part of the stomach rumor of L2-L4), which runs near the superior iliac spine of the anterior, and runs under the inguinal ligament

 There are several valves in this vein, which ensure blood flow in the right direction.

A valve covering the saphinophomoral junction (where the saphonus joins the vein) separates the surface and the deep venous system.

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Including Veins(  Great Saphenous Vein)

The maximum venous vein receives small veins from the ankle and leg. These include the medial frontier vein (the sole drains of the leg), the small sapphire vein (in this case there are many relations with its small counterpart in the lower part of the foot).

This small sulphide is connected through the vein in the foot and through the intravenous veins through the veins. It receives three major tributaries near the knee, in the thigh, it receives several tributaries which are posteromedial, i.e. secondary seephenas vein, aneurysm i.e. the anterior femoral cutaneous vein and peri-ingenial, which is surface epigastric, surface peripheral blood.

 There is vascular and blood. The surface is superficial. It also receives branches connecting poplit vein through another punch. As the vein ascends in the thigh, it receives branches from the common vein.

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